Assignment 4: Peer interviews


Thao Dang:

  1. Using live things to engineer new products
  2. Yes, definitely because that’s what my major is all about!
  3. I think it’s important to keep researching because I’m interested in the health aspect of Bio and the more research that’s done the better.
  4. Biology

Andy Rich:  

  1. I have no idea. Haha
  2. I guess it’s good for people who are into finding new technology and doing more research on things like that.
  3. For my major I don’t think it’s really that important or would even have that much of an impact, maybe it would but I don’t know
  4. Criminal Justice

Prezi Assignement 3


Assignment 3 overview-


For this assignment I decided to focus on proposing an idea of solar energy in a production of solar panel kits to be installed on cars. The basic idea behind this is that we want to improve our environment and save it from toxins such as fossil fuels that most automobiles emit. In a city like Norfolk that is primarily a port to ships and many businesses is exposed to so many dangerous gasses from cars for example. Therefore, if we were to sell solar-kits that can be installed on cars (either electric or fossil-fueled) then it can work as a sunroof, yet be used to save the use of gas and expenses to owners as well. So in the long run this could save energy, time and save us from potentially dangerous toxins by reduction of emissions. I hope you enjoy my prezi!

Individual Blog Post: ”The Shareable Future of Cities”


How many people does Steffen estimate we will have living in or near cities by mid-century?

He predicts that over 8 million people or more will be populating cities in our near future.


Explain how you agree or disagree with Steffen’s point that our energy use is “predestined” rather than “behavioral”.

I definitely agree with Steffen about this predestined energy use because of certain things that affect our environment in cities. There are behaviors indeed that can make it predictable as to how our energy is being used. Transportation, he explains is a big factor and I think that his example of density in cities explains a thought process that points out why we have more energy usage in certain areas of a city. The only thing I think we have to remember is that if we change a cities landscape or the density of it, then as a result the energy may shift which is something you cannot necessarily predict until the change is actually made.


What correlation does Steffen make between a city’s density and its climate emissions?

He suggests that denser places in turn have lower emissions.

What are the “eco districts” that Steffen mentions? How you see these as feasible or unfeasible in a city

Like Norfolk?

He explains that eco districts are districts that keep everything in one place for people. He says that mobility is used to get access to things but once the area is denser and everything is more available to the population then you won’t use cars as much. It would be feasible to use Eco Districts since Norfolk has a high commuter rate and a lot of traffic flows through the city due to the highway access nearby. We could reduce emissions by suggesting Eco Districts to create a community in Norfolk that doesn’t require a lot of driving. “The wave” of Norfolk is a new form of transportation that is helping our city in this respect.


What does Steffen mean by the idea that, “…even space itself is turning into a service…”? Can you provide any examples that you see here in Norfolk or elsewhere?

Space is what is being sold in a city, not always the building or the look of an area. Where we live, eat and buy our groceries is where people want to buy space. It can also be compared to the obvious affect of space in this video which is how it is used to make an area denser and inexpensive for people. He also talks about how we need changes such as urban retrofitting and tent poles which could result in a reduction of emissions and replacing cars with bicycles and by getting people to walk more due to the effects of such changes. A place in Norfolk that explains space being turned into service could be Granby Street. Because of the amount of businesses there and the popularity of the restaurants in this area it is a place many people seek to buy space or move their businesses to.  


Describe your understanding of Steffen’s argument that, “…it’s not about the leaves above, but the systems below…”.

What I think he meant by this is that the effort that is put into something ultimately is going to show in the results. Just as much effort as you put into studying for a test will be reflected in your grade for example. In this case he is referring to the changes and planning that goes into creating cities and how you build them will show how well a city can function. Also the amount of energy that is consumed in certain places as well as the emissions that are created is going to be higher in areas that are less dense.  


Finally, overall in what way(s) do you see Steffen’s ideas working / not working here in Norfolk? Spend time with this question!

I really think that what he points out about density in cities definitely reflects on the use of energy and high amounts of emissions in Norfolk as well. Since our group is looking at emissions and a better way of solving problems like this, Steffen is opening my eyes up to how things get started in the first place. This video raises our awareness about how much planning and effort goes into building cities and that every decision made has a potential outcome. Even a small project such as this one could be life changing for many people in Norfolk. No city is perfect but there are always improvements to be made and Steffen’s ideas are ones that could be used on a city such as Norfolk.

Individual Problem Statement


“In the modern world there are many forms for transportation that allow people to move freely from place to place, however the fuels for the transport are damaging to our environment. There are simply not enough eco friendly fuels in order to help save our environment. More work and research is needed to create eco friendly fuels”

In analysis, eco-friendly fuels that would be relevant to transport would be solar power, hydro power, hybrid cars, gas powered cars and electric cars.

“Solar electricity has now become more practical with modern photovoltaic solar panel costs becoming more reasonably priced for home owners to invest in” (Parson, 2011)

Abstract 1 – Workers of the world, unwind!


Schorling, J. B., & Maddocks, B. B. (1991). Workers of the world, unwind. (Cover story). Technology Review (00401692)94(8), 24.

In the article Workers of the world, unwind the author discusses how Americans are working more and more and the number of hours that we work has increased steadily since the 70’s. Our productivity seems to have doubled, and our leisure time therefore declined. According to Schorling and Maddocks what went wrong was the idea of “work-and-spend” which relates to the vicious cycle of people taking more hours for more money but ending up in debt and the fact that luxury is now becoming a necessity in the American household. The competition is what seems to keep us going and steering us in the direction for more hours and longer work days, even though these “competitors” are not necessarily working more than us. What we learn from this article is that rather than working more hours or increasing wages our focus should be on productivity and how we can get more done in that time we are spending at our desk. It is, or should be common sense that fewer hours will lead to workers who have more energy and become more efficient at doing their jobs rather than over-working people and seeing little result in return. Leisure time should be set aside and no doubt well deserved at the end of the day but one is responsible for how they attain it. What the article suggest and what I personally thought made sense is the fact that technology, when used in the smartest way can speed up our work process. The use of technology and high-speed devices can help us work faster and be more productive in a shorter period of time. With technology, it is possible to work from home or even while on vacation across the country thanks to the internet. What I learned from this article is that the way we manage time, make money and afford leisure is done in a selfish way. The best solution is to accept a constant change in our society as we are advancing and realizing that if we use technology to our advantage there can be a better balance between work and a healthy lifestyle instead of working to the point of exhaustion.

my relationship with technology


The first thing that comes to mind for me with Technology is that I cannot remember when and how I learned how to use a computer. When I think back I realize that my generation has had one of the most rewarding and cool experiences regarding new inventions. Fore example, I still remember playing the lion king on tape in the car, then having a portable CD player that I carried around everywhere, and my first phone was an old huge brown Nokia. It looked awful but it was still a cell-phone which made it cool. Growing up in Germany the technology I knew probably came a little later and moved at a slower paste than Americas. The first time I used a computer I must have been 12 years old and all I did was play computer games with my brother. I have taken a research methods course and Info tech classes as well as a class in which we learned how to type fast. I consider myself pretty up-to-date with technology but sometimes I wish it slowed down a little because the expectations of your teachers and bosses keep getting higher. For example, when an assignment is due and the expectation to constantly check your e-mail every hour. Basically, if I loose my phone or don’t charge it my communication to the world is dead, my family and friends would freak out and I would fall behind with my schedule because everything I do is saved in my phone. I just got my laptop stolen and had to buy a new one the next day since without it I would get nothing done at school. Next in line is probably an I Pad or a smartphone… we’ll see. 🙂 I use technology daily and it has its positives and negatives but without it who knows where we’d be in this world.